Sub of bitters. Plants with astringent substances in addition to bitters.
Sub of bitters. In addition to bitters, these plants also contain tannins and therefore have an astringent effect.
Sub of bitters. Plants with aromatic bitters. The essential oils enhance the effect of the bitters by locally stimulating the gastric mucosa.
Sub of bitters. In addition to bitter substances, these plants also contain mucilage. As a result, they have a protective and soothing effect on the gastric mucosa and the respiratory tract.
Sub of bitters. Plants with pure bitters.
Bitters are plant constituents which have a bitter taste as a common characteristic.
Sub of bitters. Plants with bitters, but which develop their main effect in other areas through other ingredients, such as antihypertensive, calming, antipyretic, disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, wound healing and antiseptic.