Vitamins

Vitamin A, retinol

Scope: eyes, skin, mucous membranes, immune system, reproduction, antioxidant

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Vitamin B, obsolete

These are substances that in the past were counted as B vitamins, but for various reasons this turned out to be unjustified.

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Vitamin B1, thiamine

scope: acts on nerves, nerve conduction by acethylcholine, energy production and conversion of CH

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Vitamin B11, folate, folic acid

folic acid is a combination of pteridine, PABA and glutamic acid. Occurs as folate in food, folic acid is synthetic form. In Germany and the US, this vitamin is called…

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Vitamin B12, cobalamin

Scope: blood production, heme synthesis; nerve sheath; DNA synthesis; cell growth and cell replication; breakdown of proteins; metabolism of certain proteins and fatty acids; methyl donor

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Vitamin B2, riboflavin, lactoflavin

Scope: CH, fat and protein metabolism, energy production in cell, fatty acids, eyes, skin and mucous membranes, as part of various enzymes involved in cell metabolism, FAD and FMN; haem…

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Vitamin B3, nicotinamide, niacin

Scope: B3 assists in all processes involved in breaking down and using CH, fats and proteins; as part / precursor of coenzyme NAD + (nicotinamide adenine dinucleatide) and NADP +…

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Vitamin B5, pantothenic acid

Scope: part of coenzyme-A (CoA) and important in the metabolism of CH, proteins and fats in the broadest sense of the word; involved in at least 70 enzymatic processes; tremendous…

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Vitamin B6, pyridoxine

Scope of action: protein metabolism, cell division, formation of neurotransmitters, red blood cells and formation of prostaglandins. Important for the hormonal balance and the immune system; homocysteine conversion; glycogen breakdown…

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Vitamin B8 (B7), biotin

Scope: skin, nails and hair; sulphurous; metabolism CH (including gluconeogenesis) and FA; protein breakdown; DNA and RNA production.

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